The History of Santorini

Santorini is one of the most beautiful islands in the world. The unique caldera created by the volcanic eruption of 1600 B.C., offers to its visitors the scenery of exceptional beauty. The great experience of living in the caldera is an experience you will not experience anywhere else. Let's discover Santorini through its history that created this unique island.

The town developed during the 4th century BC. in the village of Akrotiri is one of the most important civilizations that has been developed in the Mediterranean Sea. The excavations have brought to light a city with a highly developed civilization, two- floor houses, public and private buildings and  a sewer system that declare the high level of life and organization developed in the area. The wall paintings and findings of a unique historical value witness the higher aesthetic level of the people lived in Akrotiri. The eruption of 1600 B.C. covered the city with lava and remained buried until 1967, when the organized excavations in the area began.

After the eruption, Santorini has been reoccupied during the 8th century B.C. by Spartan settlers. Their king Theras gave his name to the island, while during the centuries that followed people from around the Mediterranean were found on the island of Santorini.

At the 13th century, Santorini belongs to the Duchy of Naxos and the Venetian settlers of the island gave the name of Santorini, because of the church of Agia Irini (Santa Irini) in Perissa. The people of Santorini, during the Venetian occupation, built five castle cities (called Casteli)on the island. These were cities with a fortification to protect them from the pirates. The castles were: Skaros at Imerovigli, the rock now deserted at the right side of Agali Hotel, and the castle cities of the villages of Pyrgos, Emporio, Akrotiri and Oia. The most well preserved castles on the island are the Pyrgos and Emporio ones.

After the Ottoman occupation, Santorini began to grow thanks to its great naval power, but also the trade that brought the people of Santorini as far as Russia. The wine of Santorini, the vinsanto, was the main commercial product of the island. The development of the island interrupted by the earthquake of 1956, but after a few decades the island of Santorini returned more beautiful than ever being today one of the top tourist destinations in the world.

Today visitors from around the world come to Santorini to enjoy the views to the unique caldera, the delicious products, and also to experience the power and energy of one of the most famous and beautiful islands in the world.